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Prague: mother of cities

Area: 496 km² (191 sq mi).

Population: 1,188,126 inhabitants according to the latest census report (31st of December 2006), i.e. one tenth of the country's total population.

Capital city of the Czech Republic: As such, Prague houses the Czech president's office (in Prague Castle), the Senate (in Wallenstein Palace), the Chamber of Deputies (in Auersperg Palace), and various ministries and foreign embassies.

In the heart of Europe: Prague is located approximately 600 km (373 miles) from the Baltic Sea, 700 km (435 miles) from the North Sea, and the same distance from the Adriatic Sea.

It is close to the other large Central European cities: Vienna at 300 km (190 miles), Bratislava at 320 km (200 miles), Berlin at 350 km (220 miles), Budapest at 550 km (340 miles), and Warsaw at 630 km (390 miles).

Administrative division: 22 districts.

The current administrative division (Prague 1, Prague 2...) does not necessarily correspond to the historic quarters and the old villages that were progressively incorporated to the city, and which names are still used by Prague’s inhabitants: for example the Prague Castle District (Hradčany), the Lesser Quarter (Malá Strana), the Old Town (Staré Město), the New Town (Nové Město), the districts of Vyšehrad, Žižkov, Vinohrady, Smichov, Letna, Holešovice, Bubeneč...

Main River: the Vltava, which runs through Prague over 31 km (19 miles). Its German name, Moldau, is also used.

The river is crossed by 18 bridges. Downstream from south to north the bridges are: Závodu míru, Branický, Barrandovský, Železniční, Palackého, Jiráskův, Legií, Karlův, Mánesův, Čechův, Štefánikův, Hlávkův, Negrelliho viadukt, Libeňský, Holešovický železniční, Barikádníků, Holešovický tramvajový, Trojská lávka.

UNESCO site: in 1992, the historic center of Prague was added to the UNESCO Natural and Cultural World Heritage List. Almost 2,000 buildings are inscribed on the National Register of Prague’s Intangible Cultural Monuments, among which 1,440 are located within the conservation area. The major ones were classified as National Cultural Monuments.

Parks and gardens: 870 ha (2150 acres). In the historic centre make sure not to miss: Petřín Park, the Castle Gardens, the Vrtba Garden, the Wallenstein Garden, Kampa Park, Letna Park, Stromovka Park, and the Franciscan Garden near Wenceslas Square. Note that many parks and gardens are closed during the winter (early November to late March).